Top Cited OSHA Safety Violations 2024 Guide

Top Cited OSHA Safety Violations 2024 Guide

Effective safety measures are vital for any company’s success. However, some organizations face recurring safety challenges, leading to preventable injuries and penalties. This article explores the top cited OSHA safety violations and provides valuable strategies that organizations can implement to avoid these risks.

What is the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)?

Around the world, there are different governing bodies dedicated to ensuring safe and healthy working conditions for employees across various industries within the country or region. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, better known as OSHA, is a key player in protecting workers around the US. Established in 1970, OSHA is a regulatory federal agency under the Department of Labor that 
sets and enforces standards aimed at preventing workplace injuries, illnesses and fatalities. Through regulations, outreach programmes and enforcement efforts, OSHA seeks to promote employer compliance with safety and health regulations and requirements. This empowers employees to understand their rights and organizations to prioritize safety in the workplace. By understanding the most frequently cited OSHA violations, employers can proactively address potential hazards and create a safer work environment for their team.

What does OSHA look for most?

While OSHA enforces a wide range of safety standards, its inspections prioritize situations with the most potential for harm. This means focusing on imminent dangers that could cause immediate death or serious physical injury. These might include exposed electrical wiring, unsafe work practices involving heights and heavy machinery, inadequate fall protection such as unprotected edges, floor openings and inadequate guardrails, or the presence of hazardous materials without correct processes.

OSHA also investigates severe injuries and illnesses, as these incidents often point to underlying safety issues. For instance, a high number of respiratory illnesses in a factory might indicate poor ventilation, inadequate use of respirators and the importance of proper respiratory PPE. 

Finally, most OSHA inspections are responses to employee complaints, referrals from other agencies or the public, and planned or targeted inspections. These reports can be crucial in identifying areas where organizations may be failing to comply with safety regulations. Regular inspections for potential hazards, proper training for employees and clear communication of safety protocols can significantly reduce the risk of incidents and keep workers safe.

OSHA’s annual list of safety violations

Worker safety in the US has seen positive progress: from an average of 38 worker deaths daily in 1970 to 15 in 2022. Similarly, the rate of workplace injuries and illnesses has dramatically decreased, moving from 10.9 incidents per 100 workers in 1972 to 2.7 per 100 workers in 2022. However, despite this substantial progress, there is still significant room for improvement. 

Each year, OSHA releases its list of the most cited safety violations, offering a comprehensive guide for workplaces aiming to prioritize employee safety and well-being. In 2024, this crucial compilation continues to serve as a beacon for organizations striving to uphold safety standards, highlighting prevalent infractions and areas necessitating heightened attention. Through its meticulous documentation of common workplace hazards, OSHA’s annual report equips businesses with invaluable insights, facilitating proactive measures to mitigate risks and foster a culture of safety.

What is the most common OSHA violation?

The annual overview of the Top 10 Most Frequently Violated Standards 2023 has been released. While putting a spotlight on the most common violations, this annual list also highlights the persistent challenges and notable shifts industries face in ensuring a safe working environment year on year.

Persistent challenges

Fall protection – General requirements: Retaining its position at the top, the rise in fall protection violations, from 5,260 in 2022 to 7,271 in 2023, signals a deep-rooted challenge in adequately safeguarding workers against fall hazards. This uptick might reflect the US construction industry’s rapid expansion and the pressures of meeting deadlines. This pressure can sometimes lead to oversight in implementing comprehensive fall prevention strategies, especially in the wake of increased urban development and infrastructure projects.

Hazard communication: The increase in hazard communication citations, from 2,424 to 3,213, underscores a persistent gap in properly managing chemical safety information. Recent introductions of new chemicals and materials in manufacturing and other sectors, along with regulatory updates, may complicate adherence to hazard communication standards. This trend indicates a need for more dynamic and effective training protocols that keep pace with these changes.

Ladders and scaffolding: The consistent citation of ladder and scaffolding violations points to enduring risks in working at height. Despite awareness, the slight variations in violations suggest challenges in adapting safety practices to the diverse and evolving nature of construction and maintenance work. This could be influenced by the increasing complexity of architectural designs and the push for renovation in urban spaces, which demand more sophisticated scaffolding solutions and skilled usage.

Notable shifts

Powered industrial trucks: The climb in violations for powered industrial trucks suggests a growing concern. This trend may be partly due to the surge in e-commerce and warehouse operations, driven by recent shifts in consumer behavior towards online shopping. The expansion of distribution centers has necessitated more frequent use of these trucks, possibly outpacing the implementation of rigorous training programmes and regular equipment checks.

Respiratory protection: The drop in ranking for respiratory protection, despite an increase in violations, might hint at differential enforcement or prioritization efforts across sectors. However, it remains a significant risk area, perhaps reflecting the ongoing impact of global health challenges, such as the Covid-19 pandemic, on respiratory safety standards. Workplaces may be grappling with maintaining high levels of protection amidst changing guidance and the evolving nature of respiratory hazards.

Lockout/tagout: The slight rise in lockout/tagout violations highlights its importance in worker safety, emphasizing the complexity of ensuring machinery is deactivated during maintenance. This persistent challenge could be exacerbated by the introduction of more sophisticated machinery and automation in manufacturing, requiring workers to adapt to new lockout/tagout procedures. The steady ranking indicates ongoing efforts to improve compliance but also points to the need for enhanced training that keeps pace with technological advancements.

To delve into this further, we review the most commonly cited violations for the 2023 fiscal year and how these not only jeopardize the well-being of employees but also lead to significant consequences for organizations, such as hefty fines and potential legal ramifications.

Fall protection

Fall protection continues to be the most commonly cited OSHA infraction, topping the list with 7,271 violations. This highlights the persistent challenge of protecting workers from falls. Some may say this trend could be linked to the growth in industries like construction and the pressure to meet deadlines, leading to shortcuts in implementing proper fall prevention measures. The rise in urban development and infrastructure projects further emphasizes the need for more robust fall protection strategies, such as guardrails, safety nets, and harnesses, to prevent serious injuries and fatalities. By prioritizing fall protection through proper training, equipment inspection and hazard identification, organizations can significantly reduce the risk of falls and create a safer work environment for their employees.

Hazard communication

With 3,213 violations, the continued prominence of hazard communication highlights the ongoing issues of properly informing employees about the dangers present in their workplace and taking the necessary precautions. Effective communication of hazardous materials and chemicals remains paramount, demanding clear labeling, accessible safety data sheets and comprehensive employee training. Failure to adequately convey the risks associated with hazardous substances can lead to accidents, injuries and potential environmental harm. To mitigate these risks, employers must prioritize robust hazard communication programmes, ensuring that all personnel are equipped with the knowledge and resources necessary to identify, handle and respond to potential hazards effectively.


Ladder safety remains a significant concern, evident from 2,978 citations. Ladders are essential tools in various industries, yet their misuse often leads to accidents and injuries. Common violations include using damaged or worn-out ladders, failing to secure them properly and overreaching while on a ladder, causing falls. This points to the need for better training and adherence to safety standards when using ladders.


Close behind ladder citations, with 2,859 violations, scaffolding issues continue to pose risks for fall injuries. The hazards associated with improperly erected or maintained scaffolds pose significant risks to workers’ well-being, leading to falls, collapses and other serious accidents. This emphasizes the importance of complying with safety regulations, such as ensuring proper installation, regular inspections and adequate training for workers, to mitigate these risks.


With 2,554 citations, the slight increase in lockout/tagout violations stresses the critical nature of controlling hazardous energy during machinery maintenance. Lockout/tagout (LOTO)  procedures are designed to safeguard workers from hazardous energy sources during maintenance or servicing of machinery, yet persistent violations indicate ongoing challenges in implementation and adherence to these protocols. Failure to effectively lock out or tag out equipment exposes workers to the risk of unexpected hazardous energy release or start-up, potentially leading to severe injuries or fatalities.

Respiratory protection

Accounting for 2,481 violations, this category’s presence underscores the essential need for proper respiratory protection in environments with hazardous airborne particles. This violation often arises due to inadequate implementation of respiratory protection programmes, failure to provide appropriate respirators or insufficient employee training on proper usage. Employers must ensure compliance with OSHA standards, which include conducting workplace assessments to identify respiratory hazards, selecting appropriate respirators, establishing a comprehensive respiratory protection programme and providing necessary training and fit-testing for employees.

Eye and face protection

With 2,074 violations, the necessity for eye and face protection in preventing serious injuries is highlighted. Each worker should feel confident that their organization is providing the appropriate PPE, such as goggles, face shields and/or safety glasses, to shield against potential hazards like flying debris, chemicals or intense light. It’s also important to ensure that any PPE provided is maintained and continues to be in good working order, and is immediately replaced if it does not meet these requirements.

Electrical safety

Electrical safety violations remain a constant concern in the most cited safety violations. Exposed wiring, overloaded circuits and improper use of electrical equipment all pose serious risks of shock, electrocution and fires. These dangers are prevalent in various industries, from construction and manufacturing to maintenance and service sectors. The rise of complex electrical systems and the increasing use of temporary wiring further emphasize the need for stricter adherence to safety protocols. By prioritizing electrical safety through proper training and regular equipment inspections, and implementing safe work practices, organizations can significantly reduce the risk of electrical hazards and create a safer working environment for their employees.

A strategic approach to preventing OSHA violations

The persistence of certain violations on OSHA’s annual lists signals enduring challenges within workplace safety practices and illuminates the path forward. A comprehensive, multilayered strategy is critical in bridging the gap in training, communication and the practical implementation of safety measures. Here’s how organizations can adopt a more dynamic approach to mitigate these risks effectively.

Enriched training programmes

To genuinely reduce the occurrence of violations, safety training must evolve into an immersive experience:

Customized content: Develop training modules that resonate with your workforce’s specific roles and environments. Tailoring content to address your industry’s particular violations can make training more relevant and impactful.

Interactive sessions: Incorporate hands-on training and simulations that mirror real-life scenarios. Interactive learning helps cement safety protocols in workers’ memories, ensuring they’re better prepared when faced with potential hazards.

Continuous learning: Safety education is not a one-off but a constant journey. Implement regular refresher courses and updates to keep safety front of mind and adapt to new standards or technologies.

Proactive safety audits

A forward-thinking safety programme is proactive, not reactive. Regular safety audits are essential in identifying and rectifying potential hazards:

Scheduled and random inspections: Blend both planned audits and random checks to get an accurate picture of daily operations and compliance levels.

Cross-functional teams: Involve employees from various departments in the audit process. This approach not only fosters a culture of safety but also brings diverse perspectives to identifying and solving safety issues.

Actionable feedback: Ensure that the findings from audits lead to concrete actions. Prioritize issues based on risk level and track improvements over time to ensure compliance and safety enhancements.

Cultivating a culture of safety

At the core of preventing OSHA violations is the cultivation of a safety-first culture:

Leadership engagement: Safety starts at the top. When leaders actively participate in and advocate for safety initiatives, it sets a tone that resonates throughout the organization.

Employee involvement: Empower workers by involving them in safety discussions, decision-making and problem-solving. An inclusive approach ensures that safety measures are practical and universally adopted.

Recognition and accountability: Recognise and reward compliance and proactive safety measures. Similarly, establish clear consequences for violations to underscore the importance of safety.

Leveraging safety technology

Technology is integral to our daily operations, and leveraging innovative solutions can significantly enhance workplace safety:

Real-time monitoring: Utilize wearables that monitor vital signs and environmental conditions, providing instant alerts to prevent heat stress, fatigue and other physical stress-related risk factors.

Data-driven insights: Apply AI and analytics to interpret safety data, identifying trends and predicting potential violations before they occur. This proactive stance allows for timely intervention and tailored safety strategies.

Integrated safety platforms: Adopt platforms that consolidate safety management into a single, accessible tool. Such systems can track compliance, manage training records and facilitate incident reporting and investigation, streamlining safety management processes.

Implementing the strategies mentioned above is the first step towards preventing the most frequent OSHA violations in the US and beyond. Let’s explore how particular technological solutions, such as those provided by Bodytrak®, offer a promising path to meet and exceed compliance standards.

Integrating advanced technology for enhanced workplace safety

Integrating advanced technology is a game-changer in the quest to mitigate recurring OSHA violations and elevate workplace safety standards. The solution from Bodytrak offers a sophisticated blend of real-time physiological monitoring and machine-learning analytics that tackle the root causes of common violations.

For example, for operators of powered industrial trucks, fatigue and lack of alertness pose significant risks. Bodytrak 1 is the first non-invasive in-ear safety solution that precisely monitors heat stress, fatigue and noise exposure to prevent workplace incidents. Detecting early signs of these risk factors enables managers to make informed decisions about scheduling breaks or rotating drivers to maintain high levels of alertness and safety. 

Don’t wait for the next incident or violation to reflect on what could have been done. Take action now to protect your workforce and set a new standard in safety compliance. Reach out to Bodytrak today to explore how our solutions can transform your safety practices and help your organization move beyond compliance to excellence in workplace safety.

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